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首页 >> 学术观点 >> 支持使用“职业健康”一词
 时下经常有使用“职业卫生”还是“职业健康”的争论。有人还主张使用“劳动卫生”。这些争论都是不必要的。劳动卫生一词,和劳动安全一样,应该是源于前苏联。建国初期,中国在很多方面学习的是前苏联“老大哥”的经验,所以劳动安全、劳动卫生经常被使用,连相关法律都叫劳动法。老一代的专业人员比较习惯,所以不支持改过来。可是翻译成英文(labor health),不是很别扭、其使用很少的吗?

卫生和健康,在英文里面是一个词,没有必要再去争论。就用健康就可以了。卫生其实也是旧的说法,本之含义和健康没什么不同。

最关键的还不只是习惯用法。职业健康,实际上和职业统计、工伤保险有很大关系。职业是工作的意思,职业健康,意味着与工作相关的健康问题,也就是说是工作当中的健康问题(工作中得疾病),进入职业健康统计,能得到工伤保险的待遇,而一般性劳动,如做家务,与工作单位无关,不进入其工作单位的职业统计,自然也没有工伤保险待遇。这就是职业健康与一般劳动健康的区别。

现在西方国家的法律也基本都叫做“职业安全健康法”而不叫做劳动法。

支持使用职业健康一词。(SSP编辑)
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